An analysis of the use of irony in oedipus rex by sophocles

Dramatic irony involves readers knowing what is happening in the plot, where as the characters have no knowledge about it. Oedipus fears to return to Corinth in case of he fulfills the prophecy by marrying his own mother Merope. Because of his beauty and grace, he was invited to participate in many dramas.

For this reason the playwrights had to recourse to some other means to heighten the tragic effect. The audience looks at Oedipus suffering his cruel destiny without considering him less than a hero. And the dramatic irony begins with the first appearance of Oedipus in his kingly robes and with his first words," I, Oedipus, whose name is known afar.

What does all this mean, when we stop and analyse it in terms of the interplay between fate and personal actions in Oedipus the King?

Is Oedipus to blame for what happens to him?

The dramatic irony lies in the fact that the killer is searching for nobody but himself unknowingly. In this play the playwright deals with the fundamental issues of human life on earth. The clues were already there that Oedipus was actually adopted: Oedipus Rex is the king in a story by Sophocles, one of the best Greek dramatic playwrights of all times.

Oedipus ridicules Teiresias for his blindness but Oedipus is also a sightless, witless and senseless man to the truth of his own actions. Dramatic irony is also found the scene between Oedipus and Creon.

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The dramatic irony lies in our knowledge that though Teiresias is physically a blind man, he knows the truth and Oedipus, in spite of having eyes, is sightless.

Unknowingly, he kills his own father and refuses to admit the crime. Prophecies are bound up with fate, with things being predetermined. And the arrival of the Theban shepherd is the prelude to the final discovery, the point at which the climax of the tragedy is reached. Oedipus the King might also be called the first detective story in Western literature.

Oedipus adopts a sort of detective role, and endeavours to sniff out the murderer. The city of Thebes is in the grip of a terrible plague. He does not know that he is adopted and his true parents were Laius and Jocasta. This is similar to the story of Oedipus the King.

In the first episode, Oedipus, opening speech to the gathered Thebeans is filled with dramatic irony. But, as the Latin phrase has it, in vino veritas. It added a whole new dimension to the play and forced readers to look beyond the text and deep into the characters.

Among the Greek playwright Sophocles used dramatic irony effectively in his play king Oedipus. Concluding our discussion we can say that the dramatic irony is the most important element of the play which constitutes suspense and thus helps to bring the play to the climax, where the truth is revealed to everyone.

Creon states that he is not interested in being king as he is contented with his present position of wealth and power. Eventually, the nemesis can take no more and raises an army against Winter Kay. But there are obviously different ways of making them come true. But the messenger assures him that those at Corinth were not his real parents.

Teiresias, knowing the truth, tells Oedipus that he himself is the killer of his father husband of his matter and father of his sisters and brothers. In his Poetics, Aristotle held it up as the exemplary Greek tragedy.

Examine Sophocles's use of dramatic irony in Oedipus Rex?

And what does a closer analysis of its plot features and themes reveal?Sophocles’ use of irony is amongst the greatest of all time, as demonstrated masterfully in Oedipus the King.

He displays both ambition and understated humour by using irony in diverse ways, both cosmic and dramatic, as well as verbal irony to add a greater level of wit.

- Irony in Oedipus Rex Oedipus Rex, by the Greek playwright Sophocles, is, without a doubt, one of the greatest examples of dramatic irony. There are many instances where the audience knows so much more than the main characters, and Sophocles uses irony to point to Oedipus as Laius' murderer as well.

Irony in Oedipus Rex Oedipus Rex, by the Greek playwright Sophocles, is, without a doubt, one of the greatest examples of dramatic irony. There are many instances where the audience knows so much more than the main characters, and Sophocles uses irony to point to Oedipus as Laius' murderer as well.

The tragedy ' Oedipus Rex' pulsates with dramatic suspense and this is largely due to the effective use of dramatic irony by Sophocles. Except Teiresias all the characters in the play such as Oedipus, Jocasta, Creon, Messenger and the chorus are supposed to know noting about the proceedings of the story, so their speeches contain the dramatic irony.

Oedipus Rex is the king in a story by Sophocles, one of the best Greek dramatic playwrights of all times. The Oedipus Rex irony is focused on the king’s tragedy of fate.

Sophocles, Aeschylus and Euripides were acclaimed as the three greatest ancient Greek tragedians during the Golden Age of the Greek Drama.

Oedipus the King might also be called the first detective story in Western literature. Yet how well do we know Sophocles’ play?

And what does a closer analysis of its plot features and themes reveal? Michael Patterson, in The Oxford Guide to Plays (Oxford Quick Reference), calls Oedipus the King ‘a model of analytic plot structure’.

So it’s worth briefly recounting the plot of Sophocles’ play in a short summary.

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An analysis of the use of irony in oedipus rex by sophocles
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