To put it more precisely, the juvenile justice system is traditionally different from the adult justice system. Furthermore, judges try hundreds of cases every year and consequently may evaluate facts more casually and less meticulously than jurors who focus on only one case.
Some courts also have responsibility for other types of cases involving children, such as dependency, termination of parental rights, juvenile traffic cases, adoption, child support, emancipation, and consent cases e.
In fact, the main difference in the arrest and intake procedure between juvenile offenders and adults is that juvenile offenders are unlikely to go to jail, whereas adult offenders can be detained and kept intake, if they represent a threat to the public safety.
A year later, the decision of in re Gault U. Table shows the frequency with which each disposition in these encounters was the most authoritative that the police took. It was to focus on the child or adolescent as a person in need of assistance, not on the act that brought him or her before the court.
At any rate, the public does not have free access to any records related to juvenile offenders and their crimes. This placed added burdens on already large case loads and widened the net of the court to embrace every conceivable form of nonconventional behavior. To put it more precisely, open public access to criminal records is required, and all court proceedings are open to the public Hayward, The s brought a rise in violent crime rates and a new focus on cracking down on crime.
The very language used in juvenile court underscored these differences. Schneider bhowever, found that some children and adolescents who, prior to the move to deinstitutionalize status offenders, would have been charged with a status offense, were subsequently being charged with minor delinquent offenses e.
In terms of this program, some communities have non-secure, temporary residential facilities intended for children removed from their homes in the initial stages of child protective services investigations or for children who may be picked up by police as status offenders Reiman, Parole In the juvenile justice system, parole combines surveillance with activities to reintegrate the juvenile into the community.
Critics argued that if juveniles faced an institutional setting similar to that of adults, then these juveniles should also have the same constitutional due process protections as adults during the trial and sentencing phases of the adjudication.
The act also provided for informality in procedures within the court. Inin Kent v.
The underlying rationales of the juvenile court system are that youth are developmentally different from adults and that their behavior is malleable. Inthe case of Thompson v. The Invention of Delinquency. Key Legal Decisions and Juvenile Justice Policy Even with the establishment of a system focused on parens patriae, opponents questioned its effectiveness in rehabilitation, particularly if juveniles were held in institutional settings not unlike adult prisons.
At the same time, the preventive detention should occur on the consent of parents of the juvenile offender and if the offender needs protection or the community needs the protection from the offender.
The trend toward a more conservative approach to juvenile justice continues, with the marked exception of the death penalty. Most importantly was the multidimensional approach towards the child, tailoring rehabilitation programs which best fit his specific situation.
This ruling was geared towards punishing rather than reforming him. Petersburg of their encounters with juveniles being police-initiated. The main point is to put juvenile offenders under the control, whereas adult offenders are often restricted in their freedom being under arrest and intake.
In such a way, adult offenders are more vulnerable to the arrest and they can be drawn to the first court appearance, whereas juvenile offenders have larger opportunities to avoid the first court appearance, whereas the detention of juvenile offenders occurs only in case of the necessity of their or community protection.
Juvenile Offenders and Victims: Observations were based on spatial and temporal sampling, with shifts representing all times of the day and all days of the week.
Consistent with past research, most of the encounters involved incidents of relatively low seriousness; 55 percent were for public disorder e. Fifteen-year-old Gerald Gault was sentenced to a state reformatory for an indeterminate period that could last until his 21st birthday for making an obscene phone call.
The focus of the court was rehabilitation rather than punishment. This example Juvenile Justice System Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only. Youth under age 18 in the adult criminal justice system. In some cases, however, young offenders were tried in criminal courts, as some still happens today.
In this regard, the adult justice system is quite different because offenders are The juvenile court system essay sent to jail, where they stay until the end of the trial.
The case embodied nearly every procedural irregularity distinctive of juvenile courts: This doctrine suggests that it is the responsibility of the state to protect and nurture children when their parents fail to do so.Juvenile Justice System Essay. Inthe Illinois Juvenile Court Act established the nation’s first juvenile court in Chicago.
While the act did not create a new legal system for juveniles, its rules of procedure, outlining the best court practices when considering juvenile cases, were extensively copied. The Juvenile Justice System Jodia M Murphy Kaplan University CJ Juvenile Delinquency Professor Thomas Woods July 31, Abstract This paper takes a brief look at the history and evolution of the juvenile justice system in the United States.
Custom The Juvenile Court System Essay The juvenile court system was fist established in to ensure that minors aged less than 18 years who violated the law were given a suitable hearing which would enable them reform. Juvenile Court System Essay Words | 3 Pages.
Waiving juvenile cases to a criminal court is a complicated process, and may take some time in order to make the proper decision. There are a few different ways in which this decision is made.
The center of the juvenile justice system is the juvenile or family court (Moore and Wakeling, ). In fact, the term juvenile justice is often used synonymously with the juvenile court, but it also may refer to other affiliated institutions in addition to the court, including the police, prosecuting and defense attorneys, probation, juvenile.
In the juvenile justice system, parole combines surveillance with activities to reintegrate the juvenile into the community. In contrast, in adult justice system, parole is primarily based on surveillance and monitoring of illicit behavior. Punishment and rehabilitation The juvenile justice system aims at the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders.Download